lot of series of events are connected in this page readers are advised
to read till the end, carefully study each and every event and connect
the sequence of events.
Saraswat Brahmins :
Gaur Brahmins (five classes of north Bharat) are :
Saryupareen 2. Kanyakubja 3. Maithil 4. Saraswat and 5. Utkala.
from Uttarapatha (Aryavart) (northern and eastern Bharat) are :
of original stay
||Nasarpuri Sindh Saraswat Brahmin
Bhramins also have Gautam Gotra.
The history of Audichya Brahmins can be traced from around the year
950 AD. It was in the year 942 AD that Mulraj Solanki captured the throne
of Anhilpur Patan after murdering his maternal uncle Samant Sinh Chawda,
the then ruling king.
Shrimali Brahmins priests had come to Gujarat along with the Chawada
kings, from Shrimal/Bhinmal situated in the southern part of present
day state of Rajasthan. The Shrimali Brahmins were the official priests
of the kingdom. Their function included Dharma & justice. They refused
to give blessings to Mulraj and to annunciate him as the king. No amount
of persuading, cajoling, coxing or threatening had any effect on those
Brahmins. If the priests coroneted him as a king, Mulraj was ready to
perform a Rudra Yagna and also to build Rudramahal, a huge temple of
Rudra (Shiv) as atonement. But the priests would not budge. It was also
important for Mulraj to be coroneted as a king since, if the throne
was left vacant for a long time there would be a chaos. Several Chawdas
had already started pressing their claim to the throne. The enemies
of the kingdom on the border had started preparations for conquest of
Gujarat. An immediate action was needed if the kingdom was to be retained.
But the Shrimali priests, even after explaining the circumstances, were
practically unanimous in not accepting Mulraj’s reasons and credentials.
Mulraj had to find another way to overcome this situation.
Mulraj & his minister Madhav came upon a brilliant idea. Chawda
kings had come from Shrimal & their priests were Shrimali Brahmins.
Mulraj was from Kanyakubja (Kanauj) located in the fertile lands of
Ganga & Yamuna rivers, so if priests from that area could be persuaded
to come and enthrone Mulraj as a king, perform Rudra Yagna and stay
in Gujarat as the kingdom’s priests, two birds could be killed
with a single stone. First Mulraj would now be a legitimate king and
secondly the influence of Shrimali Brahmins would be curtailed and even
nullified. It was decided to import and lure learned & intelligent
Brahmin families in large numbers, offering them land and positions
as the official kingdom priests. They immediately set to work. Several
ministers under the leadership of Madhav were sent to the various important
cities and areas in plains of rivers Ganga & Yamuna where there
were educated & prominent Brahmins who could be persuaded to come
to Gujarat for permanent settlement. To avoid a conspiracy, they also
ensured that Brahmins came from different places and not from a single
These trusted ministers are named as :
this big caravan of 1037 Brahmin families reached Siddhpur Patan, they
were royally received by the king and his people. In India in those
days, gradually Brahmins had started being known by the place of their
stay or origin, and not by the Gotras as in the past. So this big group
of Brahmins consisting of various Gotras was officially named Audichya
Brahmins. In Sanskrit, Audichya (Udichi) means from the northern direction.
The list of Gotras, place of origin and places donated to Brahmin families
by King Mulraj Solanki after their arrival at Shri Sthal, subsequently
known as Siddhpur Patan, is as under.
Number of families Place of original stay of families Places donated
of original stay
Planes of rivers Ganga & Yamuna From Sihore & Siddhpur
areas: Jamdagni, Vatsas, Bhargav(Bhrigu), Droan Dalabhya, Mandavya,
Maunash, Gangayan, Shankruti, Pulatsya, Vashishta, Upmanu,
Chyavan Ashram Total Udvahak, Parashar, Laudhkshi, Kashyap,
Sarayu river planes Two Bhardwaj, Kaudinya,Garg, Vishvamitra,
Kanyakubja Hundred Kaushik, Indrakaushik, Shantatap, Atri,
from Kashi Kshetra,
Hardwar area And Audalak, Krushnaatri, Shwetaatri, Chandraatri
Naimisharanya Seventy Atri, kaushik, Gautam, Autathya, Krutsas,
Kurukshetra Four Shandilya, Gaubhil, Piplad, Agastya,
Pushkar area villages (Agastya,Mahendra) Not in Audichyas
On arrival at Siddhpur Patan, they were visited by Shrimali Brahmins
(Ex Rajya Gurus) who explained their reason for boycotting Mulraj’s
coronation. Out of 1037 families, 37 families saw the truth in the reasoning
of the Shrimali Brahmins and decided not to participate in the king’s
plans. They went in a group and intimated their decision & reason
to Mulraj. Since they went about in a Group they were known as Tolakiya
Audichya Brahmins. The rest came to be known as Audichya Sahastra Brahmins,
since they were 1000 in numbers.It might appear that only greed dominated
these 1000 Brahmin families but on the other side i.e. King Mulraj Solanki’s
view, explained to Brahmins, and should also not be over looked. A strong
kingdom was imperative to maintain & stabilize Dharma and civilization
as well as trade & prosperity of the nation. It is a well known
fact that under slavery, Dharma, civilization, prosperity decline, making
the nation poor and a laughing stock. History proved this to be true
as the Solanki kingdom flourished for nearly three hundred years. Gujarat
was the last and well fought bastion of Hindu kings, to fall against
the Islamic onslaught of India in 1297. With the conquest by Delhi Islamic
hordes, the prosperity not only of Solankis & Audichya Brahmins
but of entire Gujarat was lost. Perhaps it will not be out of place
at this juncture to explain the word Gotra which has been predominantly
used in the above history of Audichya Brahmins
Bharadwaj, Vishwamitra, Gautam, Vashistha, Kashyap, Agastya, Bhrugu
all being descendents of Angira rishi are considered to be of the same
gotra as Audichya Brahmins.
The major question here arises that what happened before Mujraj solanki
time and where Audichya Sahastra Brahmins live before 950 AD.
Since we are Audichya Sahastra Vyas and our Gotra is Gautam Gotra I
will cover only our roots because if I try to locate roots of other
families it will take a lot time and it is not related to our family
It is already written above that Audichya Sahastra history can be traced
from around 950 AD.
I have heard from my uncle Mr. Tushar P. Vyas saying that we came from
Iran or Iraq to Kashmir. I have heard other Audichya Sahastra Brahmin
of Gautam Gotra saying the same on internet but I was not able to contact
Till now what I can understand is that 100 families from Naimisharanya
came to Gujarat along with other families of Gotra Atri, kaushik, Gautam,
Autathya, Krutsas and Angiras.
We were gifted Chatral Village.
Before Surnames Brahmins were known from their Gotra and even from the
place where they lived in.
If it is true that we came from Iran/Iraq to Kashmir and from there
migrated to Naimisharanya than we need to understand the reason behind
this migration and series of events.
Islam and Bharat :
Sufism in Bharat :
Sufism has a history in India evolving for over 1,000 years. The presence
of Sufism has been a leading entity increasing the reaches of Islam
throughout South Asia. Following the entrance of Islam in the early
8th century, Sufi mystic traditions became more visible during the 10th
and 11th centuries of the Delhi Sultanate and after it to the rest of
India. A conglomeration of four chronologically separate dynasties,
the early Delhi Sultanate consisted of rulers from Turkic and Afghan
lands. This Persian influence flooded South Asia with Islam, Sufi thought,
syncretic values, literature, education, and entertainment that has
created an enduring impact on the presence of Islam in India today.
Sufi preachers, merchants and missionaries also settled in coastal Bengal
and Gujarat through maritime voyages and trade.
Various leaders of Sufi orders, Tariqa, chartered the first organized
activities to introduce localities to Islam through Sufism. Saint figures
and mythical stories provided solace and inspiration to Hindu caste
communities often in rural villages of India. The Sufi teachings of
divine spirituality, cosmic harmony, love, and humanity resonated with
the common people and still does so today. The following content will
take a thematic approach to discuss a myriad of influences that helped
spread Sufism and a mystical understanding of Islam, making India a
contemporary epicenter for Sufi culture today.
of Islam :
conquered Multan, the capital of Sindh, and thereby expanded
the Islamic empire into India.
Muslims entered India in 711 under the Arab commander Muhammad bin Qasim,
by conquering the regions of Sindh and Multan. This historical achievement
connected South Asia to the Muslim empire. Simultaneously, Arab Muslims
were welcomed along the Hindustani (India) sea ports for trade and business
ventures. The Muslim culture of the caliphate began to permeate through
Muslims conquered Multan, the capital of Sindh, and thereby expanded
the Islamic empire into India.
This trade route linking India to the Mediterranean world and even Southeast
Asia lasted peacefully until 900.
During this period, the Abbasid Caliphate (750 – 1258) was seated
in Baghdad; this city is also the birthplace of Sufism with notable
figures such as Ali ibn Abi Talib, Hasan al Basri, and Rabiah.
The mystic tradition of Islam gained significant ground spreading from
Baghdad (Iraq) into Persia, commonly known today as Iran and Afghanistan.
In 901, a Turkic military leader, Sabuktigin, established an Afghan
kingdom in the city of Ghaznah. His son, Mahmud, expanded their territories
into the Indian Punjab region during 1027. The resources and riches
annexed from Punjab went into the Ghazni coffers to expand further into
India's northwest areas. During the early 11th century, the Ghaznavids
brought a wealth of scholars into India's borders, establishing the
first Persian-inspired Muslim culture succeeding prior Arab influences.
In 1151, another Central Asian group, called the Ghurids, overtook the
lands of the Ghaznavids – who did very little to monitor their
lands in India. Mu’izz al-Din Ghuri, a governor of Turkic origin,
initiated a major invasion of India, extending the previous Ghazni territories
into Delhi and Ajmer. By 1186, northern India was indistinguishable;
a combination of Baghdad's cosmopolitan culture mixed with Persian-Turkic
traditions of the Ghaznah court accelerated Sufi intellectualism in
India. Scholars, poets, and mystics from Central Asia and Iran became
integrated within India. By 1204, the Ghurids established rule in the
following cities: Benaras (Varanasi), Kanaug, Rajasthan, and Bihar,
which introduced Muslim rule into the Bengal region.
An emphasis on translation of Arabic and Persian texts (Qu'ran, Hadith
corpus, Sufi literature) into vernacular languages helped the momentum
of Islamization in India. Particularly in rural areas, Sufis helped
Islam spread generously into prior polytheistic populations. Subsequently,
the general consensus among scholars remains that there were never any
forced mass conversions recorded during this early history time period.
Between the late 12th century and 13th century, Sufi brotherhoods became
firmly consolidated in northern India. Sufism came to Kashmir when Sufi
Saint, Shai Karman, from the Iranian city of Karman, took up residence
in a small village called Sharakaware (baramulla). From Sharakawara,
the religion spread to other villages like Pangipora and nawshere.they
took initiative to spread the Islamic teaching among common people.
The Ghurids or Ghorids were a dynasty of Eastern Iranian descent from
the Ghor region of present-day central Afghanistan, but the exact ethnic
origin is uncertain, The dynasty converted to Sunni Islam from Buddhism,
after the conquest of Ghor by the Ghaznavid emperor Mahmud of Ghazni
in 1011. Abu Ali ibn Muhammad (reigned 1011–1035) was the first
Muslim king of the Ghurid dynasty to construct mosques and Islamic schools
The dynasty overthrew the Ghaznavid Empire in 1186, when Sultan Mu'izz
ad-Din Muhammad of Ghor conquered the last Ghaznavid capital of Lahore.
At their zenith, the Ghurid empire encompassed Khorasan in the west
and reached northern India as far as Bengal in the east. Their first
capital was Firozkoh in Mandesh, Ghor, which was later replaced by Herat,
and finally Ghazni. Lahore was used as an additional capital in the
late Ghurid period, especially during winters. The Ghurids were patrons
of Persian culture and heritage.
The Ghurids were succeeded in Khorasan and Persia by the Khwarazmian
dynasty, and in northern India by the Mamluk dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.
The period of 1206 – 1526 is labeled as the Delhi Sultanate of
Raftaar. This time frame consists of five separate dynasties that ruled
territorial parts of India: the Mamluk or slave, Khaljis, Tughlaq, Sayyid,
and Lodi dynasty. In history, the Delhi Sultanate is usually given marginal
attention compared to the succeeding Mughal Dynasty. At its peak, the
Delhi Sultanate controlled all of North India, Afghan frontier, and
Bengal. The security of their lands protected India from the Mongol
Conquests terrorizing the rest of Asia between 1206 and 1294. The Mongols
also succeeded in destroying Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate,
proving that this reign of violence was no minor feat. [according to
whom?] When the Mongol invasion penetrated Central Asia, fleeing refugees
chose India as a safe destination. This historical move can be deemed
[by whom?] a significant catalyst of Sufi thought in India. Scholars,
students, artisans, and common people arrived into the protection of
Mamluk rulers, the first dynasty in the Delhi Sultanate. Soon the court
had an immense influx of diverse cultures, religiosity, and literature
from Persia and Central Asia; Sufism was the main ingredient in all
mediums. During this medieval period, Sufism spread through various
regions, expanding to the Deccan plateau with the succession of the
Tughlaq dynasty of 1290 – 1388. During this time, the Muslim rulers
of the Sultanate dynasties were not necessarily of orthodox Islam; yet,
they were still deemed powerful. Advisors of the dynastic sultans included
Muslim religious scholars (ulama) and notably, Muslim mystics (mashai’kh).
Although practicing Sufis rarely had political aspirations, the declining
ethical reign of the Sayyid and Lodi dynasty (1414 – 1517) required
Forced Conversion Of Kashmiri Pandits :
First Migration :
ZUL QADIR KHAN @ DULUCH, a Turkish Tartar reigned Kashmir for eight
months In 1320 AD and resorted to loot and plunder of Hindus resulting
in the death of many. He took 20,000 Kashmiris (then all hindus), including
women and children, for sale as slaves in Turkistan but the whole lot
perished in cold snow while crossing the ‘Devsar pass’ _
a place referred to as ‘BATA SAGAN’(Brahamans death oven).
Jonaraja, a Kashmiri historian described the period as PRALAYA wherein
rivers and streams turned red with human blood. Later, RINCHEN, a Bhuddist
fugitive from Ladakh, seized power after deceitfully murdering Ram Chandra,
the self proclaimed king. He was trickly converted by Bulbul Shah, another
refugee from Turkistan, who was like RINCHEN granted refuge by king
Sahdeva. The zealot convert assumed the name of Sadruddin and used brutal
vigour and force for mass conversion. His campaign was incited, aided
and abetted by Bulbul Shah, who advised the king to persecute and tyrannise
the resistant hindus with all fair and foul means, like compulsion,
taxation, unjust laws, use of sword and forcible inter-marriages. Rinchen’s
rule lasted for brief period till his death in 1323 AD.
Second Migration :
During the rule of Sultan Qutub-ud-din (1373-89 AD), about 700 sayyids
and a large number of sufi saints and Islamic scholars, accompanied
by Ali Hamdani came to Kashmir from Persia and Central Asia, and successfully
drew wedge between the majority hindus and minority converts to Islam.
He prescribed model of hatred, distrust, intolerance and bigotry against
Kashmiri hindus. Under dictates of Sayyids, Qutub-ud-din converted 37,000
hindus to Islam. Sultan Sikander (1389-1413 AD) notoriously known as
SIKANDER BUT SHIKANI spread barbarim further on and issued an atrocious
order, under the influence of Baihaqi Sayyids,led by Mohammad Hamdani
son of Ali Hamdani, forbidding hindus from applying ‘tilak’
on their forehead and launched relentless campaign for conversion to
Islam urged the hindus to opt for conversion or exile or death. The
cleric urged him to wipe out infidelity root and brand. The two reinfoced
Malik Saifuddin; a rabid neo- convert originally named, Suha Bhatta;
who was appointed Chief Minister, to unleash a reign of terror against
those resisting conversion. He threw into Dal Lake all the sacred books
of the hindus. Seven maunds of sacred thread of the murdered hindus
were also burnt. Many hindus migrated to various places in India ( after
reaching KISHTWAR and BHADERWAH via Simthan pass ) through BHATTA WATH(
present day Batote), path of the Bhattas, which Kashmiri hindus were
then popularly referred to as. From this period onwards the predominance
of Muslim population in the Kashmir Valley began.
This was, however, followed by a virtual golden period of peace, harmony
and dignity during the rule of SULTAN ZAIN-UL-ABDIN @ BADSHAH (1420-70
AD), who was most tolerant and benevolent. Historian SRIVARA described
the period “like the cooling sandal paste after the heat of summer
in a desert had departed”. He allowed rebuilding of demolished
temples , removed all restrictions against hindus, banned cow slaughter
and killing of fish in ponds considered sacred by hindus. Above all
BADSHAH recalled Hindus who had fled the Valley due to persecution and
assigned them responsible positions on merit. He also got Hindu shastras
as also Mahabharta translated into Persian.
Third Migration :
CHAKS, with well built body and wild nature, came to Valley from Dardistan
area of Gilgit-Hunza region, and when SHAH MIR, a refugee forced to
flee from SWAT, founded his Sultanate (1339-42 AD), he recruited Chaks
in his army thus affording them a place of prominence. CHAKS were Shias
by faith and adopted policy of conversion by coercion, loot, plunder
and butchering of Kashmiri hindus. When Sultan Fateh Shah proclaimed
himself as Ruler (1506-16 AD), he became a tool in the hands of intriguing
SHAMS CHAK and his three friends, namely, Nusrat Raina, Sarhang Raina
and Moosa Raina. Later Moosa Raina took over as Chief Minister from
Shams Chak , and his Shia mentor named, Shams-ud-din Iraqi, hailing
from Talish on the Caspian sea- an Islamic propagator and converter
of non-believers- opened floodgates of repression, terror and cruelty
with demolition of temples to erect mosques on their foundations. 24,000
Brahamans were converted to Islam during this period. In 1517 AD, Mohammad
Shah appointed GHAZI CHAK, a Shia, as Chief Minister, who later founded
the CHAK dynasty Rule in 1561 AD. He also gave no quarter and no time
for recovery to the distressed Kashmiri hindus. He used to get 900 hindus
beheaded every day for not having accepted Islam. He also ordered slaughter
of 1,000 cows, whom hindus held as sacred, to wreck vengeance and shock
them into accepting Islam. Hindus wearing sacred thread had to pay annual
tax to CHAK Rulers. YAQUB CHAK, a rank communalist, even got hindus
hauled up in their houses to roast them alive. Innumerable hindus left
their homes and hearths and while fleeing a barrage of spiteful abuse
was let loose to prevent their return to the land of their heritage.
This was followed by another spell of respite for hindus when Kashmir
became a province of Mughal Empire. Emperor AKBER (1556-1605 AD) visited
Valley thrice in 1589, 1598 and1601 AD. He was admittedly highly tolerant
and refrained from falling into the net of religious zeal. He never
resoted to the policy of persecution and discrimination against hindus.
Many hindus who had fled to safer places outside to save their lives,
honour and dignity found conditions in their home land highly conducive
for honourable return, of course shocked, to find their homes looted
and plundered during the period of their absence.
Fourth Migration :
JAHANGIR’S (1605-27 AD) sectarian predilection and prejudices
were clearly pronounced resulting in his shuffling his stances in dealing
with Kashmiri hindus, who were forced to marry their daughters to Mughal
Officers and Subedars. He disapproved and opposed matrimonial relations
between Hindus and Muslims and declared that while a Hindu was debarred
by law to marry a Muslim woman, the Muslims had all the license to marry
a Hindu woman. ITQUAD KHAN, the Mughal Sardar further sullied Jahangir’s
image by forcing the Hindus at gun point to get converted to Islam.
He also tortured them by levying taxes. SHAH JEHAN (1627-58 AD) also
contributed his bit by desecrating and demolishing a number of temples.
AURANGZEB’S (1658-1707 AD) puritanical disposition did not go
well with Kashmir. He visited the Valley once in 1665 AD. He appointed
14 atrocious Subedars who persued policy of Islamization. Notable among
them was IFTEKHAR KHAN (1671-75 AD) for his cruelity of all sorts to
leave Kashmiri Hindus no alternative but to embrace Islam or quit the
homeland. A delegation of 500 Kashmiri Hindus led by KRIPA RAM, a learned
person, called on SHRI GURU TEG BAHADUR to narrate the woeful tales
of diabolical misrule of AURANGZEB patronized IFTEKHAR KHAN. The great
saint from Punjab went to Delhi for redressal of Kashmiri Hindus grievances
and got martyred by cunning AURANGZEB in 1675. Hence due to continued
persecution including killings and desecration of temples the exodus
continued unabated. Justice Jia Lal Kilam records in his ‘History
of the Kashmiri Pandits’ (with due reference to the earlier histories
written by Muslim historians like Fauq, Hassan and Azim Khan –
the latter being reportedly an eye-witness of the episode) that “Muhatta
Khan (who appeared on the scene towards the end of Mughal Rule) was
credited with a deep knowledge of Islamic laws , somehow or other found
fault with the policy followed by the Naib Subedar Mir Ahmed Khan towards
the hindus and made it plain that ascendency of the hindus was intolerable
from every point of view. He laid a prayer before the Subedar to the
following effect that No Hindu should ride a horse, nor should he wear
a shoe; they should not wear Jama ( an article of Mughal dress); they
should not bear arms; they should not visit any garden; they should
not have Tilak mark on their foreheads; and their children should not
receive any education. The Subedar refused to agree to these proposals.
But Muhatta Khan who was of a sterner stuff could not take this lying
down and he took the law into his own hands and established his seat
in a mosque wherefrom he issued orders in fucrtherance of his proposals.
He gained huge following and his fans were deputed to harass and humiliate
the Hindus in general. He issued an edict that whenever a Hindu is seen
riding a horse, he should be pulled down, Tilak mark should be erased
from his forehead and his turban and shoes should be snatched away.
Besides, orders were issued that no Hindu should attend any school or
visit a garden, nor should he wear decent dress and so on.This was a
signal for a general rising and an orgy of loot, plunder and murder
was let loose. Muhatta Khan soon over-powered the Subedar and assumed
all powers of the State. Having done so, he ordered a systematic attack
upon the Hindu areas. Hundreds of them were killed and maimed and most
of them were looted and their houses burnt”.
Fifth Migration :
The AFGHAN RULE (1753-1820 AD) was ruthless and atrocious. The period
under two upstarts, namely, LAL KHAN KHATTAK and FAQIR ULLAH was extremely
tyrannical KHATTAK was given to insane rage and sometimes got the entire
family killed on mere suspicion. He got hundreds of Hindus killed because
he suspected his father had been killed at the instance of a Kashmiri
Hindu noble, KAILASH DHAR, who was killed in broad day light in the
court of the Shia Governor, AMIR KHAN JAWANSHER, at the instane of FAZAL
KANTH, the diabolical son of FAQIR ULLAH, who was then Chief Minister.
The episode left hindus alarmed, panicked, helpless and desperate resulting
in their flight to safe shelters in Poonch and Kabul. The misrule touched
lowest ebb under the Governorship of HAJI KARIM DAD KHAN and ASAD KHAN.
For minor offences prople were tied in pairs and thrown into river.Women
were sexually abused. The despotic ASAD KHAN got the belly of an outside
surgeon cut, for failure to set right his eye, to verify his threat.
ASAD assumed the title of NADIR SHAH II in 1784 AD. ATTA MOHD, another
Afghan Governor, persecuted Hindus relentlessly and earned notoriety
for his insatiable lust for beautiful Kashmiri women. Apprehensive Hindu
parents got the good looks of their daughters sullied to evade attention
of Governor’s agents. Anand Kaul Bamzie records in his book ‘The
Kashmiri Pandit’, JABBAR KHAN, the last Afghan Governor who got
killed at Shopian on july15, 1819 AD, was once told by someone that
it was a common notion among the Pandits that snow falls invariably
at the Shivratri night (13th day of the dark fortnight Phagun). To test
this, he ordered that the Pandits should not observe this festival in
Phagun (February-March) but in Har (June-July). Accordingly, it had
to be observed on the corresponding night in the latter months. It so
happened that even on that night flakes of snow, preceded by a heavy
rainfall which had rendered the atmosphere very cold, fell. The bard
then, mocking at him sang : ‘Wuchhton Yi Jabbar Jandah Haras ti
karun vandah’ (Look at Jabbar, the wretch, even Har he turned
The capture of Kashmir by Sikhs marked the deliverance of the Kashmiri
Hindus from the barbarous Afghan Governors. Pt BIRBAL DHAR’s political
maturity paved the way for Maharaja RANJIT SINGH to establish SIKH RULE
(1820-46 AD) in the Valley. The sounds of bells again started emanating
from the temples. The Sikh rule was an era of peace for all. Some stray
instances of harshness by the Sikh rulers apart, they were not cunning,
cruel and fanatic religious zealots as their Muslim predecessors. Young
husband; a British Political Resident in Kashmir, who had travelled
extensively in Kashmir and other areas around the Himalayas as also
Central Asia/China; observed “ The Sikhs were no so barbarically
cruel as the Afghans’ but they were hard and rough masters”.
Sixth Migration :
The last Governor of the Sikh Rule, IMAM-UD-DIN was made to surrender
the possession of Kashmir to Raja GULAB SINGH in pursuance of the Treaty
of Amritsar signed on March 16, 1846 AD. The Dogra dynasty lasted for
a little over a century and saw four Maharajas, namely, GULAB SINGH
(!846-57), RANBIR SINGH (1857-85), PARTAP SINGH (1885-1925) and HARI
SINGH (1925-1952). The J&K State acceded to India on October 26,
1947, but the hereditary rule of the Dogras was abolished in 1952. In
the wakw of the British Government’s pervasive and decisive intervention
in the affairs of the State the period could well be called the Dogra-British
rule rather than the Dogra rule alone. The British pursued their known
policy of divide and rule and exploited the jealousy among the newly
educated Muslim youth against the well educated Kashmiri Pandits to
carve out a situation to set stage for desperate Muslim youth to enact
scenes of violent political agitation. The KPs became a eyesore for
the simple reason of their outshining others. SHEIKH ABDULLAH, then
the most prominent leader of the Muslim Reading Room Group, minced no
words to voice resentment and made provocative speeches in mosques resulting
in Kashmiri Muslims repeating history of loot, arson and murder on July
13, 1931, a black day for Kashmiri Pandits, ironically celebrated by
the local government and the Muslims as martyrs’ day even now.
The frenzied mob went beserk and the Maharaja’s administration
failed to protect the terrorized KPs, who were taken unawares.Thousands
of KPs had to flee the Valley for life.
Seventh Migration :
The post independence period witnessed yet another spell of migration
by the hapless KPs from Northern, Northwestern and Northeastern parts
of Kashmir; to capital city of Srinagar in the wake of Pak raiders invasion
in October, 1947 aided and abetted by the State of Pakistan; where local
zealots joined hands with hordes of savages from NWFP, except Srinagar
and South Kashmir, behaving worse that their Afghan ancestors.
Innumerable prominent KPs had to bid unwilling adieu to their land of
birth due to ever dwindling and waning chances of livelihood despite
merit, abolition of zamindari system that reduced thousands of KP owners
as paupers owing to lack of due compensation as also discrimination
of KP youth in matters of admission to higher education and technical
/professional institutions. The process of slow exodus was further aggravated
by the events like Relic agitation (1963) and forcible abduction and
conversion of a hindu girl (1967).
Eighth Migration :
When G M SHAH @ GUL SHAH snatched political power from his estranged
brother-in-law in 1984 he masterminded the construction of a mosque
within the premises of New Secretariat at Jammu and provoked muslims
in Srinagar (February 20, 1986) to communalise the situation to rebut
the criticism of the valiant people of Jammu. He deliberately raised
the bogey of ‘Islam Khatre Mein Hai’ that led to unleashing
spree of desecration of hindus’ places of worship. MUFTI SYED,
then President of the local Congress unit, patronized a crude and confirmed
fundamentalist theologist, QAZI NISSAR of Soth Kashmir to spearhead
a movement that led to level raising of the temples in the far and wide
of Southern Kashmir and the consequent fear psychosis among KPs. This
episode of 1986 made two things crystal clear that Kashmir was for muslims
only and the slogan of Kashmiriat ( secularism with reference to Kashmir)
was a farce. Looked from the historical perspective these events formed
a link in the chain of persecution of of KPs over centuries in the past
at the hands of muslims. Numerous KP families disposed of their immoveable
properties and left the Valley for good.
Ninth Migration :
The happenings of the midnight of January 19/20, 1990 dealt the blow
responsible for the current spell of forcible en masse migration of
the Kashmiri Pandit community. This was followed by the ruthless public
killings of over 300 people belonging to the miniscule minority throwin
the whole community in a state of shock and continued mourning. This
started with the exchange of five dreaded militants to secure release
of Rubia; daughter of then Union Home Minister MUFTI SYED, whose secular
and nationalist credentials were already suspect in the eyes of KPs;
from the clutches of her kidnappers. Pakistan establishment was pursuing
the policy of OP-TOPAC pronounced by then Pak President, Gen. ZIA-UL_HAQ
in a Top Secret meeting at Islamabad in April, 1988. The indoctrinated
Muslim youth were motivated to rally also muslims under the religious
theme of Jehad to fight the enemy. The ‘holy’ war supposed
to be against the infidels ruling Kashmir from New Delhi but a beginning
was desired to be made with hitting the KPs labeling them as agents
of India and branding them as traitors who had allegedly always stabbed
local muslims in the back. As aptly observed by Prof K L Bhan in his
book ‘Paradise Lost’, “No saner voice rose among the
enlightened literate Kashmiri muslims, who sealed their lips, curbed
their conscience and smothered their soul in astonishingly mysterious
The ancestors of most Kashmiri Muslims were probably Kashmiri Pandits
(Brahmins). Because genetic research shows that Kashmiri Muslims have
an exactly 0 genetic distance from ethnic Kashmiri Pandits. They are
also very similar to Brahmins and other upper castes from Uttar Pradesh
Karbala and Hussaini Brahmin :
Hussaini Brahmin is a Mohyal community with links to both Hinduism and
Islam. They are spread across Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan; Maharashtra,
Rajasthan, Delhi and other parts of India, and also in Arabia. Citing
source from history of the Muhiyals, published in 1911 CE it is disclosed
that about 1400 Brahmins had been living in Baghdad when the event of
Karbala took place.
During the war of Karbala between Nabi Mohammad Saheb's grandson Imam
Husain and Yazid. When Imam Husian was cornered in Karbala near Daria-E-Furat
now known as Hindiyah he wrote letter to his child hood friend Habib
and another letter was written to A Hindu King.
letter was written by Imam Husain's son Ali Ibn-E-Husain to his cousin
brother Samudragupt the King of Bharat. This many sound strange that
how can a Muslim be a Hindu's cousin brother.
1400 Years back the king of Iran was of Parsi religion had 2 daughters
Meher Bano and Shaher Bano.
Bano was married to King Chandragupt and Meher Bano's name was renamed
to Chandralekha. After few years Chandralekha's younger sister Shaher
Bano was married to Imam Husain. Chandralekha and Chandragupt had a
son called Samudragupt and was the King of Bharat when he got letter
from his cousin brother Ali Ibn-E-Husain.
Samudragupt swiftly arranged a group of brave soldiers and sent them
to Karbala. The commander of that army was Rehab Dutt who was also a
Mohyal Brahman. It is said that when Rehab Dutt reached Karbala it was
too later and Imam Husain was martyred.
avenge death of Imam Husain's death Rehab Dutt's army joined hands with
a Arab named Janab-E-Mukhtar who was admirer of Imam Husain and they
fought a memorable battle with the army of Yazid.
place where Rehab Dutt's army stayed in Karbala is known as Dayar-E-Hind
also known as Hindiyah and even at present times this place is known
as Hindiyah in Iraq.
of these Brahmins got martyred in Karbala, some stayed in Karbala and
some returned back to Bharat. History remembers these Brahmin's as Husaini
have heard from my Uncle Mr. Tushar P. Vyas saying that his father had
told him that we (vyas family) from Kashmir went to Iraq and from Iraq
came back to Kashmir. We are at this moment searching the records/books
in which this is written.
But from this we can say that our ancestors (Idhar Vyas family) took
part in war of Karbala or were already living in Iraq when Karbala incident
War : 680 AD
Mulraj Solanki called Audichya Sahastra Brahmins at around : 950 AD
950 - 680 = 270.
do not have exact return date of Idhar Vyas ancestors from Iraq to Kashmir.
is a possibility that the ancestors of Idhar Vyas family stayed in Iraq
for around 270 Years or more than that.