general, gotra denotes all persons who trace descent in an unbroken
male line from a common male ancestor. Panini defines gotra for
grammatical purposes as 'apatyam pautraprabhrti gotram', which
means 'the word gotra denotes the progeny (of a sage) beginning
with the son's son. In days gone by the Gotra was the basis of
deciding matrimonial alliances. In order to avoid inbreeding persons
from the same clan or Gotra were forbidden to marry.
Many lines of descent from the major rishis were later grouped
separately. Accordingly, the major gotras were divided into ganas
(subdivisions) and each gana was further divided into groups of
families. The term gotra was then frequently started being applied
to the ganas and to the sub-ganas.
Every Brahmin claims to be a direct descendant of one of the founding
rishis of a certain gana or sub-gana. It is the gana or sub-gana
that is now commonly referred to as gotra.
When a person says ' I belong to Gautam-gotra' he means that he
traces his descent from the ancient sage Gautam by unbroken male
According to the Baudhayanas rauta-sutra Vishvamitra, Jamadagni,
Bharadvaj, Gautam, Atri, Vasishth, Kashyap and Agastya are 8 sages;
the progeny of these eight sages is declared to be Gotras. This
enumeration of eight primary gotras seems to have been known to
Panini. The offspring (apatya) of these eight are gotras and others
than these are called ' gotra vayava '.
of Idhar Vyas family is Gautam.
know about Magi / Maga and Aryan Brahmin Gotras and Parvar Click